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Laura Ravazzini

Thèse de doctorat

“Female labour force participation and dynamics of income inequality in Switzerland, from 1990 to 2013”

Objet de la recherche : 

This study aims at analysing the trajectories of female labour force participation and income inequality in Switzerland since the early 1990s. Extensive analyses are provided to illustrate how female labour force participation might be dependent both on internal factors, such as couple dynamics and moral attitudes towards work, and on external institutional factors, such as childcare facilities and economic (dis)incentives. Changes in female labour force participation are then linked with income inequality and gender imbalances in wealth accumulation.
The main databases used in this study are the Swiss Labour Force Survey (SLFS) and the Swiss Household Panel (SHP). Gender imbalances in wealth accumulation are analysed through a comparison with the Australian situation monitored with the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) database.
The methodology applied consists in multivariate regressions (e.g.: difference in differences, discrete labour supply models and DFL decompositions), as well as in decompositions of indices of income inequality (e.g.: Gini, Theil and coefficient of variation).  The analysis is mostly run at the individual level and it sometimes focuses on particular household types (e.g. single mothers or highly educated individuals living in single households). Couple dynamics are introduced with an analysis of educational assortative mating and homogamy in wages together with a joint analysis on household labour supply.
Results highlight changes in female labour force participation and income inequality since the 1990s and contribute to the description of other interlinked societal changes, namely educational expansion and assortative mating.  Policy-relevant elements are introduced and discussed in line with the results. Given the interest in female labour force participation, these elements are mainly associated with child-rearing and target in particular childcare services and child allowances.

Collaborateur(s) et institut(s) associé(s) : Prof. Christian Suter, directeur de thèse, Institut de Sociologie (UNINE) ; Dr. Ursina Kuhn, collaboratrice, Swiss Foundation for Research in Social Sciences Lausanne (FORS)

Source(s) de financement :  actuellement FNS, précédemment assistanat pour 3.3 ans


Durée prévue : 2013-2017

Collaboratrice scientifique

Contact

Institut de sociologie
Faubourg de l'Hôpital 27
2000 Neuchâtel
Bureau 204
Tél. +41 32 718 14 18
Courriel Laura Ravazzini

Intérêts de recherche

  • Inégalités économiques et analyses de revenu et de richesse
  • Participation féminine au marché du travail
  • Qualité de vie