• Juris Doctor, Duke University Law School, Durham, North Carolina.
  • Bachelor of Arts, Wabash College, Crawfordsville, Indiana.
  • Deputy Prosecutor, Lake County Prosecutor's Office, Lake County, Indiana (1977-1978).
  • Corporate lawyer for Philip Morris International (1979 - 2008), with responsibilities that included at various periods of time, Trademark and Intellectual Property, Commercial Law, Regulatory law, and Litigation.
  • Chargé d'enseignement à la Faculté de droit de l'Université de Neuchâtel, 2011-2017.